University of Botswana History Department

Select Bibliography on the History of Botswana
(1997 version)

By Neil Parsons

NB: This version was replaced in January 2007 by an updated version. For the new version see the 2007 bibliography by Neil Parsons.

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This bibliography was prepared by Prof. Neil Parsons for students in the University of Botswana History Department taking the courses H301 (Philosophy of History and Research Methods) and H403 (Research Essay). (See information on courses offered by the History Department, and the index to H403 essays.)

Version: NP provisional version 6-iv-97


1. Bibliographies

2. Books & booklets

3. Periodical articles & book chapters

4. Works of fiction

5. Newspapers & periodicals

6. Official publications

7. Unpublished typescrotps, theses & seminars

8. Archives & libraries

9. Films, published audio & video

Back to Contents

1. Bibliographies, Guides & Published Collections of Documents

Archibald, Jane Eric The Works of Isaac Schapera: a Selective Bibliography Johannesburg: University of Witwatersrand, School of Librarianship, 1969.

Brown, John Tom [& John Brown] Secwana Dictionary Vryburg: Tiger Kloof Book Room , 3rd edn.1925 [& Gaborone: Bechuanaland/Botswana Book Centre, reprints 1965-87]

Carter, Gwendolyn Margaret. & E.Philip Morgan (eds.) (introd. Julius Nyerere) From the Front Line: Speeches of Sir Seretse Khama London: Rex Collings 1980. 339 pp.

Crowder, Michael (ed.), Education for Development in Botswana Gaborone: Macmillan Botswana for Botswana Society, 1985

Darkwah, Kofi (comp.) Essays on the History of Botswana: a Bibliography of History and Archaeology Research Essays Presented in Partial Fulfilment of the BA Degree of the University of Botswana, 1985-1996 University of Botswana: Department of History, 1996. 16pp . [100 entries]

Datta, Kusum Democracy and Elections in Botswana with some reference to general literature on democracy and elections in Africa: Bibliography Bordeaux: Universite de Bordeaux Centre d'Etude d'Afrique Noire (Bibliographies No.4) 1991. 446 entries

Hitchcock, Robert, Neil Parsons & John Taylor (eds.) Research for Development in Botswana Gaborone: Botswana Society 1987. 453 pp.

[see Papers 1,6-9, 12-13, 15 re.Basarwa + biliogs.Papers 12-21 Macartney, W.J.Allan (comp.) Readings in Boleswa Government: Select Documents, Volume I: Botswana Roma, Lesotho: University of Botswana, Lesotho & Swaziland, Department of Politics & Administration 1970

Main, Michael Kalahari: Life's Variety in Dune and Delta Johannesburg: Southern Books, 1987.

Matumo, Zach I. {John Tom Brown & John Brown] Setswana-English- Setswana Dictionary Gaborone: Macmillan Botswana (for Botswana Book Centre), 4th edn.1993. 647 pp.

Middleton, C. Bechuanaland: a Bibliography Cape Town: University of Cape Town, School of Librarianship, 1965.

Mohome,Paulus & J.B.Webster A Bibliography on Bechuanaland Syracuse, NY : Syracuse University, Maxwell School of Public Administration (Program of Eastern African Studies), 1966.

Morton, Barry Pre-Colonial Botswana: an Annotated Bibliography and Guide to the Sources Gaborone: Botswana Society (Botswana Society Bibliohraphy, vol.2), 1994. 67 pp.

Morton, Fred, Andrew Murray & Jeff Ramsay Historical Dictionary of Botswana, New Edition Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press 1989. 216 pp.

Parson, Jack (ed.) Succession to High Office in Botswana: Three Case Studies Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press for Center for International Studies (Africa Series No.54) 1990. 443 pp. [Documents A-G re.1925-25; H-M re.1948-51; N-P re.1962-64]

Parsons, Q.N. The High Commission Territories, 1909-1964: a Bibliography Kwaluseni: University of Botswana, Lesotho & Swaziland (Swaziland Libraries Publications no.3), 1976.

Parsons, Q.N.A Consolidated Checklist of Theses and Dissertations on Botswana Gaborone: University of Botswana, National Instititute of Development Research and Documentation (Working Bibliography No.8) 1982. 472 entries

Parsons, Q.N. & R.K.Hitchcock The Botswana Society Index to Publications 1969-1989 Gaborone: Botswana Society, 1991. 72 pp

Plaatje, Solomon T. Secwana Proverbs, with Literal Translations and their European Equivalents :London: Kegan Paul, 1916.

Schapera, Isaac Ethnic Composition of Tswana Tribes London: London School of Economics & Political Science, 1952.

Schapera, Isaac Praise-Poems of Tswana Chiefs Oxford: Clarendon Press (Oford Library of African Literature), 1965 [& Cape Town: Oxford University Press, reprint 1988].

Schapera, Isaac, & John Comaroff [& Adam Kuper] The Tswana London: International African Institute (Ethnographic Survey of Africa), latest edn. bibliog.pp - .

Stevens, Pamela Bibliography of Bechuanaland Cape Town: University of Cape Town, School of Librarianship, 1947

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2. Books & Booklets

Agar-Hamilton, John Augustus Ion The Road to the North: South Africa 1852-86 London: Longman, 1937.

Barnes, Leonard The New Boer War [i.e.High Commission Territories] London: Hogarth Press (Leonard & Virginia Woolf), 1932.

Benson, Mary Tshekedi Khama London: Faber & Faber 1960

Benson, Mary A Far Cry: the Making of a South African [autobiography] London: Viking Penguin Group 1989

Bodenmuller, R. Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland: their External Relations andPolicy towards South Africa Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa, 1973.

Botswana - Education Culture and Politics Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Centre of African Studies & Gaborone: University of Botswana National Institute of Development Research and Documentation 1990.283 pp.

Chanock, Martin Unconsummated Union:....

Chirenje, Jackson Mutero A History of Northern Botswana 1850-1910 Cranbury: New Jersey & London: Associated University Presses, 1977. 316 pp.

Chirenje, Jackson Mutero Chief Kgama and His Times: the Story of a Southern African Ruler London: Rex Collings 1978

Colclough, Christopher Rural Poverty in Botswana: Dimensions, Causes and Consequences....

Colclough, Christopher & Stephen McCarthy The Political Economy of Botswana: a Study of Growth and Distribution Oxford: Oxford University Press 1980

Comaroff, Jean Body of Power, Spirit of Resistance: the Culture and Resistance of a South African People [i.e.religion of Rolong of Mafikeng] Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.

Comaroff, Jean & John Of Revelation and Revolution: Christianity, Colonialism and Consciousness in South Africa [i.e.Rolong of Mafikeng] Chicago: Chicago University Press, vol.1, 1991,

Crowder, Michael, The Flogging of Phinehas McIntosh: a Tale of Colonial Folly and Injustice, Bechuanaland 1933 New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 1988. 248 pp.

Dachs, Antony (ed.) Papers of John Mackenzie Johannesburg: University of Witwatersrand Press, 1975.

Damachi, Ukandi Godwin Leadership Ideology in Africa: Attitudes towards Socio-Economic Development New York: Praeger, 1976. Chap.4: 'Seretse Khama: Kagisano, a policy for harmony in Botswana'.

Duggan, William A, History of Agricultural Development in Southern Africa New York: Sage Press, 1985 [n.b.Kweneng in Botswana]

Dutfield, Michael, A Marriage of Inconvenience: the Persecution of Ruth and Seretse Khama London: Unwin Hyman, 1990. 223 pp.

Egner, E.Brian The District Councils and Decentralisation 1978- 1986 Gaborone: Economic Consultancies (for Swedish International Development Authority), Oct.1986. 129 pp.

Egner, E. Brian District Development in Botswana...

Egner, E.Brian & Klaussen Poverty in Botswana Gaborone: University of Botswana, National Institute for Research (Working paper no.29), 1980.

Fairlie, Michael No Time like the Past [autobiography] Durham, Edinburgh & Cambridge: Pentland Press 1992. 246 pp.

Flavin, Martin Black and White, From the Cape to the Congo New York: Harper & Row 1949

Gabatshwane, S.M. Introduction to Bechuanaland Protectorate History and Administration Kanye: the Author, 1957.

Gabatshwane, S.M. Tshekedi Khama of Bechuanaland Cape Town: Oxford University Press 1961 (reprinted 1986) 69 pp.

Gabatshwane, S.M. Seretse Khama and Botswana Gaborone: Bechuanaland Press [the Author], 1966

Galbraith, John S. Crown and Charter: the Early Years of the British South Africa Company Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.

Gluckmann, Emanuel The Tragedy of the Ababirwas, and Some Reflections on Sir Herbert Sloley's Report Johannesburg: Cantral News Agency, 1922.

Hailey, Lord Native Administration in the British African Territories, Part V: The High Commission Territories: Basutoland, the Bechuanaland Protectorate and Swaziland London: H.M. S.O. for Commonwealth Relations Office, 1953. 447 pp.

Hailey, Lord An African Survey: Revised 1956 London: Oxford University Press, 2nd edn. 1957

Halpern, Jack South Africa's Hostages: Basutoland, Bechuanaland and Swaziland Harmondsworth: Penguin Books (Penguin African Library AP8) 1965. 496 pp.

Hanlon, Joseph Beggar Your Neighbours: Apartheid Power in Southern Africa London: James Currey for Catholic Institute for International Relations, 1987

Harvey, Charles (ed.) Papers on the Economy of Botsawana London: Heinemann Educational Books (Studies in the Economics of Africa) 1981. 276 pp.

Harvey, Charles Policy Choice and Development Performance in Botswana.....

Harvey, Charles * Stephen J.Lewis III Policy Choice and Development Performance in Botswana London: Macmillan for O.E.C.D. Paris, 1990.

Head, Bessie Serowe: Village of the Rain Wind London: Heinemann Educational Books (African Writers Series AWS 220) 1981

Head, Bessie (ed.Craig MacKenzie) A Woman Alone: Autobiographical Writings London: Heinemann International (African Writers Series 1990. 107 pp.

Hesselberg, Jan Third World in Transition: the Case of the Peasantry in Botswana Uppsala: Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, 1984.

Hickman, A.S. Rhodesia Served the Queen: Rhodesian Forces in the Boer War, 1899-1902 Salisbury: Government Printer, vol.1 1970 & vol.2 1975.

Hitchcock, Renee & (eds.) Settlement in Botswana Johannesburg: Heinemann, 1982 & Gaborone: Botswana Society, reprints.

Hitchcock, Robert Karl Kalahari Cattle Posts: a Regional Study of Hunter-Gatherers, Pastoralists and Agriculturalists in the Western Sandveld Region, Central District, Botswana Gaborone: Ministry of Local Government & Lands 1978. 2 vols.

Hitchcock, Robert Karl A History of Research on the Basarwa of Botswana Gaborone: University of Botswana, National Institute for Research, 1978.

Hole, Hugh Marshall The Passing of the Black Kings London: Philip Allan 1932

Holm, John & Patrick Molutsi (eds.) Democracy in Botswana: the Proceedings of a Symposium... Gaborone: Botswana Society & Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press 1989. 296 pp.[note: for bibliog. see Datta under 1 above]

Hubbard, Michael E.V. Agricultural Exports and Economic Growth: a Study of the Botswana Beef Industry London: Kegan Paul International 1986

Hyam, Ronald The Failure of South African Expansion, 1908-1948 Basingstoke: Macmillan Press 1972

"Inquisitor" (Paul Jousse) Khama the King: Truth about the Bechuanas Johannesburg: Central News Agency, 1914.

Janson, Tor & Joseph Tsonope Birth of a National Language: the History of Setswana Gaborone: Heinemann Botswana for University of Botswana, National Institute for Research, 1991. 165 pp.

Johnson, Phyllis & David Martin Destructive Engagement Harare: Zimbabwe Publishing House 1987

Jones, David Aid and Development in Southern Africa: British Aid to Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland London: Croom Helm 1977

Khama, Tshekedi A Statement to the British Parliament and People London: Headley Bros., 1935

Khama. Tshekedi A Reply to the Propaganda for thre Incorporation of..........

Khama, Tshekedi & Douglas Buchanan The Case for Bechuanaland Johannesburg: Condor Printing Works, 1946. 21pp.

Khama, Tshekedi 'The principles of African tribal administration' International Affairs vol.27 no.4 (1951) pp.451-56

Khama, Tshekedi Bechuanaland and South Africa London: Africa Bureau 1955

Khama, Tshekedi Political Change in an African Society: a Study of the Development of Representative Government London: Africa Bureau 1956

Kuper, Adam Kalahari Village Politics: an African Democracy Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970.

Kuper, Adam Wives for Cattle London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1982.

Kuper, Adam South Africa and the Anthropologist. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1987.[anthology mainly re.Botswana]

Lewycky, D. Tapestry: Report from the Odi Weavers Gaborone: University of Botswana, National Institute for Research, 1977.

Mackenzie, John Austral Africa: Losing It or Ruling It London: Sampson Low, 2 vols.1887.

Matthews, Zacariah Keodirelang Freedom for my People: the Autobiography of Z.K.Matthews, Southern Africa 1901 to 1968 (ed.Monica Wilson) London: Rex Collings 1981 & Cape Town: David Philip 1983.253 pp.

Maylam, Paul R. Rhodes, the Tswana and the British: Colonialism, Collaboration and Conclict in the Bechuanaland Protectorate, 1885- 1899 Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1980.

Mazonde, Isaac .................Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press for International African Institute, 1994.

Mockford, Julian Seretse Khama and the Bamangwato London: Staples 1950 [substantially republication of Julian Mockford Khama, King of the Bamangwato London: Jonathan Cape 1931]

Molema, Silas Modiri Bantu Past and Present Edinburgh........, 1920

Morton, Fred & Jeff Ramsay (eds.) The Birth of Botswana: a History of the Bechuanaland Protectorate from 1910 to 1966 Gaborone: Longman Botswana 1987. 206 pp.

Munger, Edwin S. Bechuanaland: Pan-African Outpost or Bantu Homeland? London: Oxford University Press for International African Institute 1965.117 pp.

Oomen, M.A., Francis Nganji & Leonard Diniso Ngcongco (eds.) Botswana's Economy since Independence New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill for University of Botswana, National Institute for Research, 1983.

Palmer, Robin & Parsons, N. The Roots of Rural Poverty in Central and Southern Africa London: Heinemann & Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977 & London: james Currey, 1988 reprint. [Botswana pp.113-43]

Parson, Jack Botswana: Liberal Democracy and the Labor Reserve in Southern Africa Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press & London: Gower (Nations of Contemporary Africa) 1984. 145 pp.

Parson, Jack D.(ed.) Succession to High Office in Botswana Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press (Center for International Studies, Africa Series No.54) 1990

Parson, Jack & Dennis Cohen Politics and Society in Botswana Gaborone: University of Botswana, Lesotho & Swaziland, Department of Politics & Public Administration, 197...

Parson, Jack , Lionel Cliffe & Ranwedzi Nengwekhulu (eds.) The 1984 General Election: Class Politics and Competitive Elections Gaborone: University of Botswana, Department of Politics and Administrative Studies for University of Botswana Election Study, 1990. 173 pp.

Parsons, Neil A New History of Southern Africa London & Basingstoke: Macmillan Press, 2nd edn.1993 [for Botswana see index p.349]

Parsons, Neil, Willie Henderson & Thomas Tlou Seretse Khama, 1921-80 Gaborone: Botswana Society & Braamfiontein, Johannesburg: Macmillan Boleswa, 1995

Parsons, Q.N. The Word of Khama Lusaka: Neczam for Historical Association of Zambia, 1972.

Parsons, Q.N. Report on the Botswana Brigades 1965-83 Gaborone: University of Botswana , National Institute for Research, 1983. 95 pp.

Phutego, G. Serowe: a Settlement History 1902-1989 ???

Picard, Louis A.(ed.),The Evolution of Modern Botswana: Politics and Rural Development in Southern Africa Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, & London: Rex Collings, 1985. 339 pp.

Picard, Louis A., The Politics of Development in Botswana: a Model for Success? Boulder & London: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1987. 297 pp.

Picard, Louis A. South Africa in Southern Africa: Domestic Change....

Prain, Ronald Reflections on an Era London: Metal Bulletin Books 1981 (pp.180-92: 'The vision of Tshekedi Khama')

Redcliffe-Maud, John Life Experiences of an Optimist 1981

Rey, Charles F.(ed. N.Parsons & M.Crowder), Monarch of All I Survey, Bechuanaland Diaries 1929-37 Gaborone:Botswana Society, & London: James Currey, 1988.

Robins, Eric, White Queen in Africa: the Story of Ruth and Seretse Khama London: Robert Hale 1967. 190pp.

Russell, Margo & Martin Russell Afrikaners of the Kalahari: White Minority in a Black State [Ghanzi] Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1979. 167 pp.

Schapera, Isaac (introd.C.F.Rey) A Handbook of Tswana Law and Custom London: International African Institute 1st edn.1938

Schapera, Isaac Married Life in an African Tribe [re.Kgatla of Mochudi] London: Faber & Faber, 1940 & Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books, reprints.

Schapera, Isaac Tribal Legislation among the Tswana of the Bechuanaland Protectorate London: London School of Economics & Political Science, 1943.

Schapera, Isaac Political Annals of a Tswana Tribe [Ngwaketse of Kanye 1910-16] Cape Town: University of Cape Town, School of African Studies, 1947.

Schapera, Isaac Migrant Labour and Tribal Life: a Study of Conditions in the Bechuanaland Protectorate London: Oxford University Press, 1947.

Schapera, Isaac The Ethnic Composition of Tswana Tribes London: London School of Economics & Political Science (L.S.E. Monographs on Social Anthroplogy No.11) 1952

Schapera, Isaac (comp.) Praise-Poems of Tswana Chiefs London: Oxford University Press (Oxford Library of African Literature) 1965 & Cape Town: Oxford University Press 1988

Schapera, Isaac Tribal Innovators: Tswana Chiefs and Social Change, 1795-1940 London: Athlone Press 1970.

Schwarz, E.H.L. The Kalahari, or Thirstland Redemption London: Oxford University Press, 1920.

Scott, David Ambassador in Black and White: Thirty Years of Changing Africa Lodon: Widenfeld & Nicolson

Selwyn, Percy Industries in the Southern African Periphery: a Study of Industrial Development in Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland London: Croom Helm 1975

Selwyn, Percy The Dual Economy, Trancending National Frontiers.....

Setiloane, Gabriel M. The Image of God among the Sotho-Tswana Leiden: Balkema, 1975.

Sillery, Anthony The Bechuanaland Protectorate Cape Town: Oxford University Press 1952

Sillery, Anthony Founding a Protectorate: History of Bechuanaland Protectorate 1885-1895 The Hague, Mouton, 1965.

Sillery, Anthony Botswana: a Short Political History London: Methuen 1974

Sillery, Anthony John Mackenzie of Bechuanaland: a Study in Humanitarian Imperialism 1835-1899 Cape Town: Balkema, 1971.

Smit, P. & G.M.E. Leistner Botswana, Resources and Development Pretoria: Africa Instituut 1970

Squires,B.T. The Feeding and Health of African School Children: Report on the Kanye Nutrition Experiment Cape Town: University of Cape Town, School of African Studies (Communications no.20), 1940.

Steadman, S.J.(ed.) Botswana: the Politics of Democratic Development Boulder,, Colorado: Lynne Riener, 1993.

Stevens, Richard Paul Lesotho, Botswana and Swaziland: the Former High Commission Territories London: Pall Mall Press 1967

Thompson, Carole The Frontline States in the Liberation of Zimbabwe Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1985.

Tlou, Thomas History of Ngamiland 1750-1906: the Formation of an African State Gaborone: Macmillan, 1985.

Tlou, Thomas & Alec Campbell History of Botswana Gaborone: Macmillan Botswana 1984 [2nd press 1997]

Troup, Freda In Face of Fear: Michael Scott and South West Africa London: Faber & Faber 1959

Weidner, C. The Fallacy of Schwarz's Kalahari Rain-Making Magic Goodhouse: the Author, 1925.

[Verwoerd, Hendrik F.] The Road to Freedom for Basutoland, Bechuanaland and Swaziland Pretoria: Department of Information Fact Paper No.107, 1963

Wande,O..Socio-Economic Survey of the Barolong Farms Cape Town: University of Cape Town, School of African Studies, 1949.

Werbner, Richard (ed.) Land Reform in the Making: Tradition, Public Policy and Ideology in Botswana London: Frank Cass, 1982

(ex,Journal of African Law , vol.24, no.1, Spring 1980, pp.1-162) Williams, Ralph Cmapneys How I Became a Governor London: John Murray, 1913.

Wylie, Diana A Little God: the Twilight of Patriarchy in a Southern African Chiefdom [study of Tshekedi Khama] Hanover: University Press of New England & Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press 1990.278 pp.

Wylie, Diana Sands The Changing face of Hunger in Southern Africa ....

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3. Periodical Articles & Book Chapters

Alverson, Hoyt "Arable agriculture in Botswana: some contributions to the traditional social foundations" Rural Africana nos.4-5 (1979)

Bermingham, Jack "Perspectives on colonial education in Botswana" pp.176-78 in A.T.mugomba & N.Nyaggah (eds.) Independence without Freedom: the Political Economy of Colonial Education in Southern Africa Santa Barbara: ABC Clio Press, 1981.

Bhila, Hoyini K. "The impact of the Second World War on the development of peasant agriculture in Botswana, 1939-1956" Botswana Notes and Records vol.16 (1984) pp.63-71.

Booth, Alan R. "Lord Selborne and the British Protectorates [in Southern Africa], 19081910" Journal of African History , vol.10, no.1 (1969), pp.133-48.

Brown, Barbara 'The impact of male labour migration on women in Botswana' African Affairs vol.82 no.328 (1983)

Brown, Barbara, "Women"s role in development in Botswana" Chirenje, Jackson Mutero "Church, state and education in Bechuanaland in the 19th century" International Journal of African Historical Studies vol.9 no.3 (1976) pp.401-18.

Clay, George 'Apartheid as a boomerang: Protectorates give S.Africa food for thought' The Scotsman (Edinburgh) 9 Nov.1956.[NP copy]

Comaroff, John "Rules and rulers: political processes in a Tswana chiefdom" [Rolong of Mafikeng] Man, Journal of the Royal Anthroplogical Institute n.s.vol.13 (1978) pp.35-52.

Comaroff, Jean & John C. Comaroff "Goodly beasts, beastly goods: cattle and commodities in a southern African context"American Ethnologist vol.17 (1990) pp,195-216

Cooper, David 'The state, mineworkers and multinationals: the Selebi Phikwe strike, Botswana 1975' pp. 244-77 in Peter Gutkind, Robin Cohen & Jean Copans African Labor History Beverley Hills & London: Sage 1978

Crowder, Michael 'Tshekedi Khama and opposition to the British administration of the Bechuanaland Protectorate, 1926-1936' Journal of African History vol.26 (1985) pp.193-214

Crowder, Michael 'Tshekedi Khama , Smuts and South West Africa' Journal of Modern African Studies vol.25 no.1 (1988) pp.25-42

Crowder, Michael "Botswana and the survival of liberal democracy in Africa" pp.- in P.Gifford & William Roger Louis (eds.) Decolonization in Africa 1960-80 : the Origins and Consequences of the Transfer of Power New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988.

Crowder, Michael 'Professor Macmillan goes on safari: the British government observer team and the crisis over the Seretse Khama marriage', pp.254-78 & 322-28 in Hugh Macmillan & Shula Marks (ed.), Africa and Empire: W.M.Macmillan, Historian and Social Critic London: Temple Smith for Institute of Commonwealth Studies (Commonwealth Papers no.25), 1989

Crowder, Michael 'Resistance and accomodation to the penetration of capitalist economy in southern Africa: Tshekedi Khama and mining in Botswana, 1929-1959' pp.146-67 in Alan Mabin (ed.) Southern African Studies, Volume 5: Organisation and Social Change Johannesburg: Ravan Press 1989

Crowder, Michael 'The succession crisis over the illness and death of Kgosi Sekgoma II of the Bangwato, 1925' pp.33-72 in J.D. Parson (ed.) Succession to High Office in Botswana Athens Ohio: Ohio University Press 1990

Curry, R.L. "Poverty and mass unemployment in a mineral-rich country: Botswana" Journal of Economics and Sociology vol.46 (Jan.1987) pp.71-87.

Dachs, Anthony J. "Missionary imperialism - the case of Bechuanaland" Journal of African History vol.13 (1972) pp.647-58.

Dachs, A.J. "Rhodes"s grasp for Bechuanaland, 1889-1896" Rhodesian History vol.2 (1971) pp.1-9.

Dale, Richard 'The implications of Botswana-South African relations for American foreign policy' Africa Today (Denver) vol.16 no.1 (Feb-March 1969)

Dale, Richard ÒBotswana" pp.110-24 in Christian P.Potholm & Richard Dale (eds.) Southern Africa in Perspective: Essays in Regional Politics Englewood Cliffs, NY: Free Press, 1972.

Dale, Richard 'The challenges and restrains of white power for a small African state: Botswana and its neighbors' Africa Today (Denver, Colorado) vol.25 (1978) pp.7-23

Dale, Richard 'The creation and use of the Botswana Defence Force' The Round Table no.290 (1984) pp.224-25

Dale, Richard "Not always so placid a place: Botswana under attack" African Affairs vol.86 (Jan.1986) pp.73-91.

Denbow, James R, "Cows and kings: a spatial and economic analysis of an Easrly Iron Age settlement system" pp.24-39 in Martin Hall (eds.) Frontiers: Southern African Archaeology Today Oxford: BAR (British Archaeology Reports) International Series no.207 (1984).

Denbow, James, David Kiyaga-Mulindwa & Neil Parsons "........."in R.K.Hitchcock, N.Parsons & J.Taylor (eds.) Research in Botswana.... Devitt, Paul Òcoping with drought in the Kalahari" pp.186-200 in David Dalby (ed) Drought in Africa, 2 London: International African Institute, 1977.

Duggan, William "The Kweneg in the colonial era: a brief economic history" Botswana Notes and Records vol.9 (1977) pp.41-48.

Edwards, Robert H. 'Political and constitutional changes in the Bechuanaland Protectorate; in J.Butler & A.A.Castagno (eds.) Boston University Papers on Africa: Transition in African Politics New York: Praeger 1967

Ettinger,Stephen J. "The Bechuanaland Protectorate"s participation in the pre-1910 cutoms union" Botswana Notes and Records vol.7 (1975) pp.49-52.

Ettinger, S.J.. 'South Africa's weight restrictions on cattle exports from Bechuanaland, 1924-41' Botswana Notes and Records vol.4 (1972) pp.21-29

Fortman, Louise "Economic status and women"s participation in agriculture: a Botswana case study" Rural Sociology vol.49 (Fall 1984) pp.452-64.

Frank, Lawrence 'Khama and Jonathan: leadership strategies in contemporary southern Africa' Journal of Developing Areas vol.15 (1981) pp.173-98

Gadibolae, M.N. ÒSerfdom (bolata) in the Nata area, 1926-60" Botswana Notes and Records vol.17 (1985) pp.25-32.

Gillet, Simon "Notes on the settlement of the Ghanzi district" Botswana Notes and Records vol.2 (1970) pp.52-55.

Godlonton, W.A. 'Rhodesia and Bechuanaland: Malan's claim utterly baseless' New Rhodesia (Salisbury) vol.18, 6 April 1951 pp.10-11 & 13 April 1951 pp.10-12

Good, Kenneth "Interpreting the exceptionality of Botswana" Journal of Modern African Studies vol.30 no.1 (March 1992) pp.69-95. Good, Kenneth "................"(1993)

Grant, Sandy reviews of R.K.K. Molefe "A Medical History of Botswana 1885-1966" & S.Selelo-Kupe "No Easy Walk to Quality: the Emergence of Black Nursing [in Botswana]" Botswana Notes and Records vol.25 (1993) pp.173-75.

Gulbandsen, Ornulf "To marry - or not to marry: marital strategies and sexual relations in a Tswana society" Ethnos vol.51 nos.1-2 (1986) pp.7-28.

Hall, Kenneth O. "British Bechuanaland: the price of protection" International Journal of African Historical Studies vol.2? (1973) pp.183-97.

Henderson, Willie, 'Seretse Khama and the institutionalization of the Botswana state', pp.217-42 in University of Edinburgh, Centre of African Studies, Botswana - Education, Culture and Politics Edinburgh (Centre of African Studies Published Seminar Proceedings No.29), n.d.[Conference 15-16 Dec.1988]

Henderson, Willie................ African Affairs

Hermans, Quill 'Towards budgetary independence: a review of Botswana's financial history, 1900-1973' Botswana Notes and Records vol.6 (1974) pp.89-115

Hermans, Janet "Official policy towards the Bushmen of Botswana: a review" Botswana Notes and Records vol.9 (1977) pp.55-67.

Hitchcock, Robert Karl "Tradition, social justice and land reform in central Botswana" Journal of African Law vol.24 (1980) pp.1- 34.

Holm, John D. "Liberal democracyand rural development in Botswana" African Studies Review vol..25 no.1 (March 1982) pp.83- 102.

Holm, John D."Elections in Botswana: institutionalization of a new system of legitimacy" pp.121-48 in Fred Hayward (ed.) Elections in Africa Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1986.

Holm, John D. "Botswana: a paternalistic democracy" pp.- in :Larry Diamond (ed.) Democracy in Developing Countries, Volume 2: Africa Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Riener, 1988.

Hubbard, Michael "Desperate games: Bongola Smith, the Imperial Cold Storage Compamy and Bechuanaland"s beef, 1931" Botswana Notes and Records vol.13 (1981) pp.19-24.

Hudson, Derek J."Brief chronology of customs agreements in southern Africa, 1855-1979" Botswana Notes and Records vol.11 (1979) pp.89-95.

Huxley, Elspeth 'The rise of the African zealot' Corona (London) vol.2 no.5 (1950) [ref. Tshekedi & Seretse Khama]

Hyam, Ronald [reply to Booth] Historical Journal (Cambridge)

Hyam, Ronald 'The political consequences of Seretse Khama: Britain, the Bangwato and South Africa, 1948-1952' Historical Journal vol.29 no.4 (1986) pp.921-47

Kerven, Carol 'Academics, practioners and all kinds of women in development: a reply to Peters' Journal of Southern African Studies vol.10 no.1 (1984) pp.258-68

Khama,Seretse 'A policy of prudence' [Fordham University address] Africa Report Oct.1966 pp.19-20

Khama, Seretse, Speech to African Studies Association of U.S.A., African Studies Bulletin vol.ix no.1 (1966)

Khama, Seretse, Speech to National Assembly, Africa Institute Bulletin (Pretoria) vol.5 no.8 (1967)

Khama, Tshekedi 'Chieftainship under Indirect Rule' Journal of the Royal African Society vol.35 no.140 (July 1936) pp.251-61

Kiyaga-Mulindwa. David 'Bechuanaland Protectorate and the Second World War' Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History vol.xii no.3 (May 1984) pp.33-53.

Landau, Paul S. 'Preacher, chief and prophetess: Moruti Seakgano in the Ngwato kingdom, east-central Botswana' Journal of Southern African Studies vol.17 no.1 (March 1991) pp.1-22.

Landell-Mills, Pierre "The 1969 Southern African Customs Union agreement" Journal of Modern African Studies vol.9 no.2 (1971) pp.263-82.

Larson, Thomas 'The Hambukushu of Ngamiland' Botswana Notes and Records vol.2 (1970) pp.29-44

Leepile, Methaetsile "The impact of migrant labour on the economy of Kweneng, 1940-1980" Botswana Notes and Records vol.13 (1981) pp.33-43.

Legassick, Martin C."The Sotho-Tswana peoples before 1800" pp.86- 125 in Leonard Thompson (ed.) African Societies in Southern Africa: Historical Studies Berkeley: University of California Press & London: Heinemann, 1969.

Long, Una 'Bechuanaland: the country without a future' World Review (London) Oct.1952 pp.25-31

Maja-Pearce, A, "Botswana" Index on Censorship 1992/no.4 pp.64- 67.

Makgetla, Neva Seidman "Finance and development: the case of Botswama" Journal of Modern African Studies vol.20 no.1 (Jan.1982) pp.69-86.

Mandaza, Ibbo,'The bases of the PTA-SADC dispute', Southern African Political and Economic Monthly (SAPEM), vol.6, no.6 (March 1993),pp.40-43

Massey, David "A case of colonial collaboration: the hut tax and migrant labour" Botswana Notes and Records vol.10 (1978) pp.95- 98.

Massey, David "the changing political economy of migrant labour in Botswana" South African Labour Bulletin vol.5 no.5 (1980) pp.4- 26.

Mautle, G. "Bakgalagadi-Bakwena relations: a case of slevery, c.1840-c.1930" Botswana Notes and Records vol.18 (1986) pp.19- 31.

Maylam, Paul "The making of the Kimberley-Bulawayo railway: a study in the operation of the British South Africa Company" Rhodesian History vol.8 (1977) pp.13-33.

"Memoir prepared by the Parliamentary Committee for studying the position of the South African protectorates" Journal of the African Society vol.33 no.133 (1934) supplement.

Mgadla, P.Themba "Missionaries and Western education in the Bechuanaland Protectorate"

Mhone, Kandapo, 'Law as a factor for regulating regional integration: SADCC - problems and prospects', Comparative & International Law Journal of Southern Africa (Pretoria), vol.xxiv, no.3 (Nov.1991),pp.379-85

Miers, Susan & Michael Crowder "The politics of slavery in Bechuanaland: struggles and the plight of the Basarwa in the Bamangwato Reserve, 1926-1940" pp.- in S.Miers & Richard Roberts (eds.)The End of Slavery in Africa Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1988.

Mitchison, Naomi 'Letter from Bechuanaland: Bakgatla in transition' New Society 18 June 1964 p.24 (UB PH/B 968.72 Mit)

Mokopakgosi, Brian "The socio-economic and political impact of the Second World War on the Bakwena, 1939-1950" pp.160-80 in Richard Rathbone & David Killingray (eds,) Africa in the Second World War London: Macmillan, 1986.

Morton, R.Fred "Linchwe I and the Kgatla campaign in the South African War, 1899-1902" Journal of African History vol.26 nos.2-3 (1985) pp.169-91.

Morton, R.Fred "Chiefs and ethnic unity in two colonial worlds: the Bakgatla-baga-Kgafela of the Bechuanaland Protectorate and the Transvaal, 1872-1966" pp.127-54 in Anthoni I. Asiwaju (ed.) Partitioned Africans: Ethnic Relations across African Colonial Boundaries, 1884-1984 London: C.Hurst, 1985.

Motzafi-Haller, Pnina "The duiker and the hare: Tswapong subjects and Ngwato rulers in pre-colonial Botswana" Botswana Notes and Records vol.25 (1993) pp.59-72.

Murray, Andrew & Neil Parsons 'The modern economic history of Botswana; pp.159-99 in Z.A.Konczacki, J.L.Parpart & T.M.Shaw (eds.) Studies in the Economic History of Southern Africa, Volume I: the Front Line States London & Savage, Maryland: Frank Cass 1990

Muzorewa, Basil C."The role of local treasuries in the underdevelopment of Botswana, 1938-1953" Botswana Notes and Records vol.10 (1978) pp.113-118.

Nangati, Fanuel "Constraints on a precolonial society: the Bakwena state c.1820-1885" Pula, Botswana Journal of African Studies vol.2 no.1 (Feb.1980) pp.125-38.

Okihiro, Gary Yukio "Resistance and accomodation: Bakwena-baga- Sechele, 1842-1852" Botswana Notes and Records vol.5 (1973) pp.104- 116.

Otlhogile, Bojosi "Tshekedi Khama and A.N.Other versus the High Commissioner: the making of the court" Botswana Notes and Records vol.25 (1993) pp.29-38.

Parson, Jack '"Cattle, class and the state in rural Botswana' Journal of Southern African Studies vol.7 no.2 (April 1981) pp.236- 55

Parson, Jack 'The trajectory of class and state development: the consequences of new wealth for Botswana' Journal of Commonwealth and Comparatrive Politics vol.21 no.3 (Nov.1983) pp.265-86

Parson, Jack "The peasantariat and politics: migration, wage labour and agriculture in Botswana" Africa Today vol.31 no.4 (1984) pp.5-25.

Parson, Jack 'Succession, legitimacy, and political change in Botswana, 1956-1987' pp.97-142 in J.D.Parson (ed.) Succession to High Office in Botswana Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press 1990

Parsons, Neil 'The economic history of Khama's country in Botswana, 1844-1930' pp.113-43 in Robin Palmer & Neil Parsons (eds,) The Roots of Riral Poverty in Central and Southern Africa London: Heinemann Educational Books & Berkeley: University of California Press 1977.

Parsons, Neil 'The Central District: the Bangwato crisis 1948- 1956' pp.123-33 in F.Morton & J.Ramsay (eds.) The Birth of Botswana: a History of the Bechuanaland Protectorate from 1910 to 1966 Gaborone: Longman Botswana 1988

Parsons, Neil 'Seretse Khama and the Bangwato succession crisis, 1948-1953' pp.73-95 in J.D.Parson (ed.)Succession to High Office in Botswana Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press 1990

Parsons, Neil 'The idea of democracy and the emergence of an educated elite in Botswana, 1931-1960', pp.175-97 in University of Edinburgh, Centre of African Studies, Botswana - Education, Culture and Politics Edinburgh (Centre of African Studies Published Seminar Proceedings No.29), 1990

Parsons, Neil 'The Serowe Kgotla riot of 1952: popular opposition to Tshekedi Khama and colonial rule in Botswana' Societies of Southern Africa in the 19th and 20th Centuries (London: Institute of Commonwealth Studies) vol.16 (1991) pp.24-36.

Parsons, Neil 'Colonel Rey and the colonial rulers of Botswana: mercenary and missionary traditions in administration', pp.197-215 in J.F. Ade Ajayi & J.D.Y.Peel (eds.), People and Empires in African History: Essays in Memory of Michael Crowder London & New York: Longman, 1992

Parsons, Neil "Botswana: an end to exceptionality?" The Round Table no.325 (1993) pp.73-82.

Parsons, Neil 'The impact of Seretse Khama on British public opinion 1948-56 and 1978' Immigrants and Minorities (London) vol.12 no.3 (Nov.1993) pp.195-219

Parsons, Q.N. "The image of Khama the Great - 1868 to 1970" Botswana Notes and Records vol.3 (1973) pp.41-58.

Parsons, Q.N. 'Shots for a black republic? Simon Ratshosa and Botswana nationalism' African Affairs (London) vol.73 no.293 (1974) pp.449-59

Parsons,Q,N, "Khama & Co. and the Jousse trouble, 1910-191" Journal of African History vol.16 (1975) pp.383-408.

Peters, Pauline E. "Gender, developmental cycles and historical process: a critique of recent research on women in Botswana" Journal of Southern African Studies vol.10 no.1 (Oct.1983) pp.100-22.

Peters, Pauline E. "Women in Botswana" [answer to Kerven] Journal of Southern African Studies vol.11 no.1 (Oct.1984) pp.150-53.

Peters, Pauline E. "Struggles over water, struggles over meaning: catt;le, water anmd the state in Botswana" Africa, Journal of the International African Institute vol.54 no.3 (1984) pp.29-49.

Picard. Louis A. "Bureaucrats, cattl;e and public policy: land tenure in Botswana" Comparative Political Studies vol.13 no.3 (Oct.1980) pp.313-56.

Pilane, Isang "Native standpoints: in favour of transfer" Race Relations (Johannesburg) no.2 (1935) pp.149-52.

Polhemus, JamesH."Botswana votes: parties and elections in an African edmocracy" Journal of Modern African Studies vol.21 no.3 (Sept.1983) pp.397-430.

Polhemus, J.H.,'Botswana's role in the liberation of Southern Africa' pp. - in Louis A.Picard (ed.),The Evolution of Modern Botswana: Politics and Rural Development in Southern Africa Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press & London: Rex Collings, 1985

Rait, M.V. 'The Bamangwato tribe and its chief Seretse Khama' African Abstracts (London) vol.3 (1952) pp.89-90 [ B.Ruhemann of M.V.Rait 'Plemya Bamangwato i ego vozhd Seretse Khama' Sovietskaya Ethnographia (Moscow) vol.1 (1951) pp.138-48]

Ramsay, Jeff "The 1962 B.P.P. split" Botswana Notes and Records vol.25 (1993) pp.79-88.

Rey, Charles Fernand 'Background to the Bamangwato' Journal of Racial Affairs (Pretoria: South African Bureau of Racial Affairs) vol.1 no.3 (1950) pp.6-11

Roberts, Simon "The Tswana polity and Tswana law and custom reconsidered" Journal of Southern African Studies vol.12 no.1 (Oct.1985) pp.75-87.

Roberts, Simon "Tswana government and the law in the time of Seepapitso, 1910-1916" pp.167-84 in Kristin Mann & Richard Roberts (eds.) Law in Colonial Africa Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann & London: James Currey (Social History of Africa ed.Allen Isaacman & Luise White), 1991.

Robson, P. 'Economic integration in southern Africa' [i.e. customs union] Journal of Modern African Studies vol.5 (1987) pp.469-90

Rubin, Neville 'Botswana's last exit to freedom' Venture: Socialism and the Developing World (London: Fabian Bureau) vol.22 no.8 (Sept.1970) pp.21-25

Saunders, Anthony J.G.M."Chieftainscy and Western democracy in Botswana" Journal of Contemporary African Studies vol.2 (1983) pp.365-79.

Schapera, Isaac "Economic conditions in a Bechuanaland native reserve" [Kgatleng] South African Journal of Science vol.30 (1933) pp.633-55.

Schapera, Isaac "Premarital pregnancy and native opinion: a note on social change" Africa, Journal of the International African Institute vol.6 (1933) pp.59-89.

Schapera, Isaac "Labour migration from a Bechuanaland native reserve" [Kgatleng] Journal of the African Society vol.32 (1933) pp.404-414.

Schapera, Isaac "The aspirations of native school children" The Critic (Cape Town) vol.3 (1934) pp.152-62.

Schapera, Isaac "Christianity and the Tswana" Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute vol.83 no.1 (1958) pp.1-9.

Schapera, Isaac 'Kinship and politics in Tswana history' Man, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute vol.93 (1963) pp.142- 53

Schapera, Isaac 'Tswana legal maxims' Africa, Journal of the International African Institute (London) vol.36 (1966) pp.121-34

Schapera, Isaac "Report...on the native land problem in the Tati district, 1943" Botswana Notes and Records vol.3 (1971) pp.47-55.

Silitshena, Robson M.K."Chiefly authority and the organisation of space in Botswana: towards an explanation of nuclear settlement among the Tswana" Botswana Notes and Records vol.11 (1979) pp.55- 67.

Spears, John V. "An epidemic among the Kgatla: the influenza of 1918" Botswana Notes and Records vol.11 (1979) pp.69-76.

Spence, Jack "The implications of the Rhodesia issue for the former High Commission Territories' Journal of Commonwealth Political Studies Vol.7 (1969) pp.104-12.

Spinage, Clive A., 'Further gleanings of game affairs in the Bechuanaland Protectorate', Botswana Notes and Records (Gaborone), vol.24 (1992), pp.33-38

Squires, B.T. "Malnutrition amongst Tswana children" African Studies vol.2 (1943) pp.210-14.

Steenkamp,Philip "Conderella of the empire? Development policies in Bechuanaland in the 1930"s" Journal of Modern African Studies vol.17 no.2 (June 1991) pp.292-308.

Stevens, Christopher & John Speed 'Multi-partyism in Africa: the case of Botswana revisited' African Affairs vol.77 no.304 (1977) pp.381-87 [answer to Wiseman 1977]

Taylor, John "Mine labour recruitment in the Bechuanaland Protectorate" Botswana Notes and Records vol.10 (1978) pp.99-112. Taylor, John "Some consequences of recent reduction in mine labour recruitment in Botswana" Geography vol.71 (Jan.1986) pp.34- 46.

Tlou, Thomas "The taming of the Okavango swamps - the utilisation of a riverine environment, c.1750-c.1800" Botswana Notes and Records vol.4 (1972) pp.147-59.

Tlou, Thomas "The Batawana of northwest Botswana and Christian missionaries" Transafrican Journal of History vol.3 nos.1 & 2 (1973) pp.147-59.

Tlou, Thomas "The nature of Batswana states: towards a theory of Batswana traditional government" Botswana Notes and Records vol.6 (1974) pp.57-75.

Tlou, Thomas "Documents on Botswana history: how Rhodes tried to seize Ngamiland" Botswana Notes and Records vol.7 (1975) pp.61- 65.

Tlou, Thomas "Servility and political control: botlhanka among the Batawana of northwest Botswana, c.1730-1906" pp.367-90 in S.Miers & I.Kopytoff Slavery in Africa: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1977.

Tordoff, William 'Local administration in Botswana' Journal of Administration Overseas vol.12 no.4 (1973) pp.172-84 & vol.13 no.1 (1974) pp.292-305

Truschel, Louis W. "The Tawana and the Ngamiland trek" Botswana Notes and Records vol.6 (1974) pp.47-55.

Truschel, Louis W."Political survival in colonial Botswana: the preservation of Khama"state and the growth of the Ngwato monarchy" Transafrican Journal of History vol.4 nos.1-2 (1974)pp-.

Weisfelder, Richard K., 'SADCC as a counter-dependency strategy: how much collective clout?', pp.155-78 in Edmond J.Keller & Louis A.Picard (eds.) South Africa in Southern Africa: Domestic Changes and International Conflict Boulder & London: Lynne Riener Publishers, 1989

Werbner, Richard P. "Land and chiefship in the Tati concession" Botswana Notes and Records vol.2 (1970) pp.6-13.

Williamson, Doug T. & J.F.Williamson "An assessment of the impact of fences on large herbivore biomass in the Kalahari" Botswana Notes and Records vol.13 (1981) pp.107-110.

Wiseman, John A. 'Multi-partyism in Africa: the case of Botswana' African Affairs (London) vol.76 (1977) pp.70-79

Zaffiro, James J. 'The U.S.and Botswana in the 1990's' Journal of Contemporary African Studies vol.10 no.1 (1991) pp.18-44

Zaffiro, James J."African ;legislatures and foeign policy making: the Botswana case" Botswana Notes and Records vol.25 (1993) pp.39- 58.

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4.Works of Fiction

Head, Bessie When Rain Clouds Gather New York: Simon & Schuster & London: Victor Gollancz 1969; Harmondsworth: Penguin Books 1970; London: Heinemann Educational Books (African Writers Series) 1972 [ also abridged by Margaret Tarner London: Heinemann Guided Readers 1989 67 pp; also Barulaganye Thedi as Fa Maru a Pula a Kakoana Gaborone: Heinemann Botswana 1991 76 pp]

Head, Bessie Maru London: Heinemann Educational Books (African Writers Series) 1971

Head, Bessie A Question of Power London: Heinemann Educational Books (African Writers Series) 1973

Head, Bessie The Collector of Treasures [short stories] London: Heinemann Educational Books (African Writers Series AWS 182) 1977

Head, Bessie A Bewitched Crossroad: an African Saga [historical novel on Bangwato c.1800-85] Craighall, Johannesburg: Ad Donker 1984. 198 pp.

Head, Bessie (ed.M.J.Daymond) The Cardinals, with Meditations and Stories Cape Town: David Philip (Africasouth New Writing) 1993. 167 pp.

Merriweather, Alfred M. Desert Harvest Guildford & London: Lutterworth Press 1977. 92 pp.

Montserrat, Nicholas The Tribe that Lost its Head Pan Books 1959

Montserrat, Nicholas Richer than all His Tribe London: Pan Books 1970

Rush, Norman Whites [short stories] London: Paladin 1987

Rush, Norman Mating [novel] London: Paladin 1992

Schapera, Isaac "The native as letter writer" The Critic (Cape Town) vol.2 (1933) pp.20-28.

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5. Newspapers & Periodical Runs

Africa Confidential [Africa 1960-] London, vols.1-

Africa Contemporary Record, London, vols.1-(1968)

Africa Research Bulletin, London, vols.1-(1964-)

Bechuanaland Protectorate Government Newsletter, Press Statements & Press Flashes 1960-1965

Botswana Gazette

Botswana Guardian

Botswana Daily News (BDN) [title varies: otherwise Daily News/ Dikgang tsa Gompieno &c.] Gaborone, Jan.1965- )

The Examiner

Kutlwano (Mutual Understanding) vols.1- (1962-), Lobatse & Gaborone

Midweek Sun

Mmegi/ The Reporter

Newslink Africa

Okavango Observer

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6.Official Publications

Bechuanaland Protectorate:

1950: Report of the Judicial Enquiry re Seretse Khama of the Bamangwato Tribe (chair: Sir Walter Harragin) [published in Botswana Notes and Records vol.17 (1985) pp.53-63 & as pp.317-50 in J.D.Parson (ed.)

1963: Report of the Select Committee on Racial Discrimination. 2 vols.(Presented to Legislative Council Tues 19 Feb.1963)

1965: Bechuanaland: Report on Localisation by T.C.Luke

African Council Proceedings (Hansard): 1960 -1964.

African Advisory Council Proceedings (Hansard): 1920-60:

European Advisory Council Proceedings (Hansard): 1921-60

Hansards (Verbatim Reports of Parliamentary Proceedings):

Legislative Council (LEGCO) 1961-65 ; Legislative Assembly 1965- 66

Joint Advisory Council Proceedings: 1952-60

Botswana, Republic of:

1973: Report of the Presidential Commission on Localisation and Training in the Botswana Civil Service

1977: Education for Kagisano: Report of the National Commission on Education (Chair: Torsten Husen) Gaborone: Ministry of Education 296 pp + annexes

Hansards (Verbatim Reports of Parliamentary Proceedings) National Assembly of Republic of Botswana 1966-

Great Britain (see also England, United Kingdom library indexes):

British Parliamentary Papers ('Blue Books' & 'White Papers'):

C.1748: vol.lx of 1877

C.2220: vol.lii of 1878

C.4588: Vol.lvii of 1884-85

Cmd.7913: 'Bechuanaland Protectorate: Succession to the Chieftainship of the Bamangwato'(March 1950) 7pp.

Cmd.8423: 'Bechuanaland Protectorate: Report of Observers on the attitude of the Bamangwato Tribe to the return of Tshekedi Khama to the Bamangwato Reserve' (Dec.1951)18pp [reprinted in Botswana Notes & Records vol.10 (1978)pp.137-38]

Cmd.8707: 'Basutoland, the Bechuanaland Protectorate and Swaziland: History of Discussions with the Union of South Africa 1909-1939' (Dec.1952)

Cmd.9580: 'Basutoland, the Bechuanaland Protectorate and Bechuanaland: Economic Development and Social Services' (Oct.1955)

Cmnd.2378: 'Bechuanaland Constitutional Proposals' (June 1964)

Cmnd.2929: 'Report of the Bechuanaland Independence Conference, 1966' (March 1966) [i.e. Marlborough House conference]

United Nations Organisation:

Security Council Official Records 32nd Year/1983rd Meeting (1977) pp.3-11; 1984th Meeting (1977) pp.1-17; 1985th Meeting (1977) pp.1- 22; Supplement for Jan.-March 1977 pp.24-25

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7 Unpublished Typescripts, Research Theses & Seminar Papers

Ettinger, Stephen Joel 'The Economics of the Customs Union between Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland and South Africa' University of Michigan: Ph.D dissertation 1974. 377 pp.

Gossett, Charles William 'The Civil Service in Botswana: Personnel Policies in Comparative Perspective' Stanford University: P.D dissertation 1986

Gunderson, Gilfred Leroy 'Nation Building and the Administrative State: the Case of Botswana' University of California,Berkeley: Ph.D dissertation 1970. 479 pp

Kerven, Carole "Underdevelopment, Migration and Class Formation in the North-East District of Botswana" University of Toronto: Ph.D dissertation, 1977..

Khapoya, Vincent 'The Politics of Decision a Comparative Study of African Policies towards Liberation Movements in Southern and Colonized Africa' University of Denver, Colorado: Ph.D dissertation 1974

Lewis, D. "The Theory and Practice of Direct Foreign Investment in Less Developed Countries: a Study of Copper-Nickel Mining in Botswana" University of Cape Town: M.A. dissertation, 1974.

Massey, David Reid 'The Development of a Labour Reserve: the Impact of Labor Migration and Rural Development in Botswana' Boston University: Ph.D 1981. 320 pp.

Menz, Johannes Cornelius Nicolas 'Localization and Training in the Botswana Public Service 1966-1976' University of South Africa, Pretoria: Ph.D dissertation 1981.429 pp.

Mgadla, Part Themba 'Missionary and Colonial Education among the Bangwato: 1862 to 1948' Boston University: Ph.D dissertation 1986. 367 pp.

Okihiro, Gary Y."Hunters, Herders, Cultivators, and Traders: Interaction and Change in the Kgalagadi, Nineteenth Century" University of California at Los Angeles:Ph,D dissertation, 1976.

Parsons, Quentin Neil "Three Botswana Chiefs in Britain, 1895" University of Edinburgh: Diploma in African Studies dissertation, 1967.

Parsons, Quentin Neil 'Khama III, the Bamangwato and the British, with special reference to 1895-1923' University of Edinburgh: Ph.D dissertation 1973.

Peters, Margaret ".........." University of Cape Town: M.A. dissertation, 1947

Quarrington, Duncan "The Transfer Issue: Britain"s Relations with South Africa over the High Commission Territories 1948-61" University of London, School of Oriental and African Studies/ Institute of Commonwealth Studies : M.A. (Area Studies) dissertation, Sept.1992. 43 pp.

Ramsay, Frederick Jefress (Jnr.) "The Rise and Fall of the Bakwqena Dynasty:= of South-Central Botswana, 1820-1940" Boston University: Ph.D dissertation, 1991. 453 pp.

Tsie, Balefi "Industrialisation Policies and Regional Cooperation in Southern Africa: the Case of Botswana" University of Leeds: Ph.D dissertation, 1989.

Wylie, Diana Sands 'The Center Cannot Hold: the Decline of the Ngwato Chieftainship, 1926-50' Yale University: Ph.D dissertation 1985. 406 pp. [later published as A Little God]

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8. Archives & Libraries

Botswana National Archives

Killie-Campbell Museum, Durban Buchanan Papers

McGregor Memorial Museum, Kimberley Buchanan Papers

Namibia National Archives

National Archives of Zambia

National Archives of Zimbabwe

Potchefstroom University Library

South African National Archives Service: Cape Depot

Letters of Bechuanaland Crown Colony Government 1883-1896 (273 vols.) 1. Her Majesty's Commissioner's papers 2. Administrator's office 3. Chief Magistrate's court 4. Office of the Receiver & Accountant-General, Colonial Secretary & Receiver-General 5. Office of the Crown Prosecutor 6 Officer Commanding Bechuanaland Border Police 7. Office of the Post Master General 8. Registrar of Deeds 9. Director of Census 10. Officer in charge of Stores 11. Local Auditor 12. Government Engineer Officer, and Tender Board

South African National Archives Service: Pretoria Depot

University of Botswana Library

University of Cape Town African Studies Library:

G.E. Nettelton Papers J.C.Smuts Papers: Private Letters vol.93/108

University of Witwatersrand, Library

Ballinger Papers Dumbrell Papers South African Institute of Race Relations

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9. Films & Published (Audio & Video) Recordings

1967: 'Botswana' dir. Dick Raynor (Film Workshop, Salisbury, for Roan Selection Trust, Ndola) Colour film on Independence celebrations 1966

1968: 'Neighbour Nations' dir. Dick Raynor (Raynor Productions, Johannesburg, for Botswana Information Services, Gaborone) Colour film on visit of President Kaunda of Zambia to Botswana

1977: 'The Republic of Botswana Advances' (People's Republic of China, Beijing) Colour film on 10th anniversary celebrations 1976. English & Setswana language versions

1985: 'Sir Seretse Khama Speaks' (Department of Information & Broadcasting, Gaborone) Long-playing 12 inch record & tape cassette

1990: 'A Marriage of Inconvenience', dir. Michael Dutfield (Southern Televison, Maidstone, England). Colour video recording 2 x 55 mins drama-documentary.

1996 " Rhodes: the Life and Legend of Cecil Rhodes" dir.David Drury, written by Antony Thomas (Zenith Productions for BBC Great Britain, CBC Canada & SABC South Africa) Colour video recording 466 mins drama. (London: BBC Videos BBCV 5933)

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Copyright © 1999 Neil Parsons
Last updated 26 February 2006

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