History Department Graduate Studies Regulations


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DEPARTMENTAL SPECIAL REGULATIONS FOR GRADUATE PROGRAMMES IN HISTORY, ARCHAEOLOGY & MUSEUM STUDIES


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1. General Provisions

Subject to the provisions of Academic General Regulations and Faculty of Humanities Special Regulations, the following Departmental Regulations shall apply.



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2. Graduate Programmes and Titles of Graduate Degrees

The Department of History offers graduate programmes leading to the award of the following degrees:

  1.   MA Degree & Diploma Programme in History (Departmental Special Regulations 6.0), leading to the award of MA (History) and Diploma in History respectively
  2.   MA Degree & Diploma Programme in Museum Studies (Departmental Special Regulations 7.0) leading to the awards of MA (Museum Studies) and Diploma in Museum Studies respectively
  3.   MPhil & PhD Degree Programme in History, Archaeology, and Museum Studies (Departmental Special Regulations 8.0), leading to the awards of MPhil (History), MPhil (Archaeology), and MPhil (Museum Studies), PhD (History), PhD (Archaeology), and PhD (Museum Studies) respectively.



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MA History Degree Programme


MA Museum Studies Degree & Diploma Programme


M.Phil and Ph.D Degrees in History, Archaeology, and Museum Studies
MA History Degree Programme


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6.0 Objectives

The primary objective of the M.A. programme in History is to develop further the scholarly potential of university graduates in History and of school teachers of History and related subjects by equipping them (a) to better understand and teach subjects relating to the past; and (b) to apply skills of research, reporting and analysis to diverse sources of information. The secondary objectives of the programme are (c) to more fully utlilize and enhance the teaching and research capacity of staff members in the Department; and (d) to develop teaching and research materials that advance and spread knowledge of Botswana's past.


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6.1 Preamble

The Department of History offers a Master's (M.A.) degree in History by course-work and dissertation.


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6.2. Admission

  Entrance Requirements

6.2.1.  Applicants should normally have either (a) a Bachelor's degree of the University of Botswana of at least second class, second division, with an average of at least 65% in History or Archaeology courses, or (b) a Bachelor's degree or equivalent qualification, which in the opinion of the History Department is of the same standard, from a recognized university or equivalent institution of higher learning.

6.2.2.  Applicants who do not meet the above requirements may be considered for admission after the Department has satisfied itself that the candidate has the capability to complete the programme successfully.

6.2.3.  In all cases, the questions of whether an applicant is qualified, and of which applicants shall be given preference if there are more qualified applicants than can be admitted, shall be determined by the History Department on the basis of its judgement of the candidate's academic abilities. In making this determination the Department may take into account the applicant's academic record, the applicant's work experience, and any other information provided by the applicant; and may interview the applicant and require the applicant to undergo further assessment at the Department's discretion.


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6.3. Application & Registration Procedures

6.3.1 The procedure for application and registration shall be as prescribed under the General Regulations for Masters Degrees 400.


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6.4. Programme Structure

6.4.1. Candidates taking the M.A. by shall take courses to the value of 48 credits, including all core courses and the M.A. Dissertation (24 credits).

6.4.3.2.  Candidates must pass courses to the value of at least 24 credits before beginning the Dissertation. In exceptional cases, the History Department may give permission for a candidate who has completed some but not all of the necessary courses to complete the remaining requirements at the same time as taking the Dissertation.



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6.5.0. MA History Courses


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6.5.1. List of Courses Offered by the History Department

Graduate courses

Course

Title

Type

Credits

HIS 601

History Research Methodology

core

3

HIS 602 Philosophy of History core 3
HIS 603 Historiographical Issues in Precolonial Southern Africa core 3

HIS 604

Historiographical Issues in Modern South Africa

core

3

HIS 611 Introduction to the Economic History optional 3

HIS 612

Case Studies in the Economic History of Africa

optional

3

HIS 613

Political and Economic Aspects of Imperialism

optional

3

HIS 614

Cultural and Environmental Approaches to the History of Imperialism

optional

3

HIS 615

History of Religion in Africa

optional

3

HIS 616

Religion and Power in Botswana

optional

3

HIS 627 Archaeology for Teachers optional 3
HIS 651 Special Topic I optional 3
HIS 652 Special Topic II optional 3
HIS 653 Special Topic III optional 3
HIS 654 Special Topic IV optional 3

HIS 662

Research Proposal for Dissertation

core

3

HIS 751

Dissertation

core

24


6.5.2.  Special Topic Courses: Topics for Special Topic courses shall be taken from a list of options approved by the History Department. If a student takes more than one Special Topic course, each shall be counted as a separate course earning credit.

6.5.3.0.  Optional Courses: Not all the optional courses listed will necessarily be offered in any one year.

6.5.3.1.  With the approval of the History Department, candidates may take courses offered by other Departments which shall be counted as substituting for optional History courses. Such courses shall normally provide no more than 6 credits for optional courses at 600-level in the programme.

6.5.3.2 The History Department may from time to time approve a list of courses from other Departments which may be taken without special approval.

6.5.3.3. Apart from the courses included in the list approved by the History Department, appropriate courses from the Master's-level programmes of the following departments will normally be approved: African Languages and Literature, Theology and Religious Studies, Sociology (Development Sudies), Political and Administrative Studies, and Environmental Science. Courses from other departments may be approved in special cases, especially in the case of courses relevant to particular research projects proposed by candidates.


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6.5.4.  Assessment

Except as otherwise provided in approved course prescriptions, assessment shall be by course assessment, including two or more assignments, and final examination, with course-work and final examination being of equal weight.


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6.5.5.  Progression

Progression from semester to semester shall be in accordance with Revised Academic Regulations. 00.09.


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6.5.6.  M.A. Dissertation

6.5.6.1.  In the M.A. Dissertation, candidates shall undertake guided research and present a dissertation. The M.A. Dissertation shall have a value of 24 credits.

6.5.6.2.  Before beginning this course, candidates must submit a written research proposal to the History Department, and shall be permitted to continue only after the Department has approved the proposal. Except with the special permission of the Department, this shall be done by passing the course HIS 662 'Research Proposal for Dissertation'

6.5.6.3.  Candidates shall conduct research under the supervision of a Supervisor or Supervisors assigned by the History Department.

6.5.6.4.  Candidates shall submit a dissertation, which must conform to all guidelines laid down by the History Department concerning format, structure, etc. The length of the dissertation shall  be as laid down in General Regulation 40.714.

6.5.6.5.  The normal period of study for the M.A. Dissertation shall be two semesters for both full-time and part-time students. The dissertation must be submitted within one year of the start of the semester in which the candidate begins the course.  An extension of up to six months may be granted with the approval of the School of Graduate Studies.

6.5.6.6. Suspension of registration may be permitted as prescribed in General Regulations (40.63).

6.5.6.7. The M.A. Dissertation shall be examined in accordance with General Regulations.


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6.6.0.  Award of the Degree

6.6.1.  To qualify for the award of the degree of M.A. in History, candidates must have passed courses to the value of 48 credits, and satisfied all other requirements of the degree programme option which they are following.



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HISTORY GRADUATE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

[See separate page on History MA course descriptions etc.]

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MA Museum Studies Degree & Diploma Programme (provisional, subject to approval or modification by Senate)


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7.0 Objectives

* To provide management skills in the museum field, with emphasis on African conditions

* To promote competency and decision-making in heritage management

* To promote understanding of the role of heritage in education and tourism 

* To equip museum and heritage managers with research skills, and more practical training to complement the theoretical aspect of their junior degrees.


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7.1 Preamble

The Department of History offers a Master's (MA) Degree in Museum Studies by coursework and supervised research. The programme is offered over four semesters and caters for both full-time and part-time study. Candidates who complete the coursework but do not proceed with the dissertation may be awarded the Diploma in Museum Studies.


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7.2  Entrance Qualifications

7.2.1 General regulations for admission to Master's degrees shall apply.

7.2.2 The normal minimum qualification shall be a first degree or equivalent from a recognised university or comparable institution.

7.2.3  Work experience considered relevant by the Department of History in a museum or similar institution will be an advantage.

7.2.4 Other qualifications or experience which, in the opinion of the Department, are relevant.

7.2.5 The Department of History shall have discretion as to how many and which of the eligible candidates should be admitted.


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7.3  Registration Procedures

7.3.1 The procedure for application and registration is as prescribed under General Regulations for Master's Degrees 400.


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7.4  Programme Structure

7.4.1  The programme may be pursued either full or part time, as prescribed under General Regulations 40.61.

7.4.2 The programme consists of ten courses and a dissertation spread over four semesters.

7.4.3  Candidates shall normally be required to pass all first and second semester courses before proceeding to the dissertation.


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7.5  Special Regulations

7.5.1  A student, who originally registered for the Master's Degree and has successfully completed the first year and fulfilled all requirements, may be awarded the graduate Diploma.

7.5.2  A student who has gained the graduate Diploma may enrol to do the Master's at a later date.

7.5.3  A student who successfully completed the first year semesters but failed to achieve a pass in the final year may be awarded the graduate Diploma.  Such a student however may not repeat the last two semesters.


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7.6  Period of Study

7.6.1  The period of study shall be four semesters for full-time students and six semesters for part-time students.

7.6.2  The dissertation shall be submitted normally before the final examinations in semester 4.

7.6.3  Suspension of registration may be permitted as prescribed in General Regulations 40.63.

7.6.4  Students may graduate with the Diploma in Museum Studies after successfully completing the first two semester requirements.


Course

Title

Type

Credits

MUS 601

Museology

Core

3

MUS 602

Museum Education

Core

3

MUS 603

Museum Management

Core

3

MUS 604

Museum Exhibition

Core

3

MUS 605

Collection Management

Core

3

MUS 606

Material Conservation

Core

3

LIS 602

Theory and Practice of Cataloguing and Classification

Core

3

LIS 614

Research Methods and Dissertation Preparation

Core

3

ARM 605

Electronic Records Management

Core

3

MUS 701

Dissertation

Core

18


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7.7.2 Optional courses:

 

Course

Title

Type

Credits

MUS 612

Material Culture

Optional

3

MUS 614

African Art

Optional

3

MUS 616

Natural Sciences and Museums

Optional

3

MUS 618

Cultural Resource Management

Optional

3

MUS 620

African Landscapes - Cultural and Natural

Optional

3

MUS 622

African Civilisations and Societies

Optional

3

Students will take four courses from the above optional courses and/ or electives from other programmes, namely two per semester, provided that they have not been done previously. The electives will be chosen with the agreement of the respective Departments.

7.7.2 All courses are worth 3 credits. The dissertation is worth 20 credits.  A minimum of 60 credits is required to graduate.


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7.8  Assessment

7.8.1  The curriculum and methods of assessment for the Masters degree shall be specified in Special Departmental and Faculty Regulations.


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7.9 Progression

7. 9.1  Progress from semester to semester shall be in accordance with Academic Regulations 00.9.


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7.10 Dissertation

7.10.1 The dissertation MUS701 is a research project of the student's choice made with the approval of the Department.

7.10.2 The dissertation shall only be undertaken after successful completion of the second semester.

7.10.3 The length of the dissertation shall be 20,000 to 40,000 words, exclusive of notes, bibliographies, appendices etc.


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7.11 Award of Master's Degree

7.11.1 To be awarded the Master's in Museum Studies, a student must obtain an overall average of at least 50%, pass a minimum of 8 courses and obtain 45% for the remaining courses. The dissertation requires at least a 50% pass.



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MUSEUM STUDIES GRADUATE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

[See separate page on the Museum Studies MA]



M.Phil and Ph.D Degrees in History, Archaeology, and Museum Studies


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8.0 Objectives

* To more fully realise the scholarly potential of the Department of History and of qualified individuals interested in pursuing research on the past of Botswana and neighbouring areas of the region.

* To equip serving and potential academic staff in the Southern African region with the highest qualification in the study of History, Archaeology, and Museum Studies.

* To stimulate scholarship that makes highly significant contributions to the study of History, Archaeology, Museum Studies and related subjects in Botswana and the region.

* To strive to become a regional centre of excellence in History, Archaeology, and Museum Studies, and to ensure and raise the international standing and prestige of the Department of History and of the University of Botswana.


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8.1 Preamble

The Department of History offers M.Phil/Ph.D Programmes by supervised research and seminar presentation, and by final presentation of a research dissertation. Subject to General Regulation 500, the following regulations shall apply:


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8.2 Entrance Regulations


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8.2.1  M.Phil Programme

The following candidates shall be eligible for admission:

8.2.1.1  Individuals with a Master's Degree in History, Archaeology, or Museum Studies from a recognized university or equivalent institution of higher learning, or with a First Class Bachelor's or equivalent degree.

8.2.1.2  Individuals with at least a one-year graduate qualifications from a recognized university of higher learning in any subject which is deemed relevant to a proposed research dissertation may be admitted subject to the discretion of the Department of History Board.


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8.2.2  Ph.D Programme

The following candidates shall be eligible for admission:

8.2.2.1  Applicants already registered for the M.Phil Programme shall be permitted to transfer to the Ph.D Programme in accordance with the provisions of General Regulations 50.43.1 and 50.43.2;

8.2.2.2  Applicants with an M.Phil or equivalent degree in History from a recognized university or institute of higher learning;

8.2.2.3  Applicants with an M.Phil or equivalent degree from a recognized university or equivalent institution of higher learning in any subject which is deemed relevant to the proposed research topic by the Department of History;

8.2.2.4  In accordance with the provisions of General Regulation 50.31.2, applicants who do not satisfy the above qualifications shall initially register for the M.Phil Programme.


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8.2.3  Submission of Applicants for Admission

General Regulation 50.31 shall apply.


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8.2.4  Admission

8.2.4.1  In order to be admitted to the M.Phil/ Ph.D Programmes the candidate should discuss his or her proposed programme with the Department in accordance with General Regulation 50.32.1, and shall submit with the completed application form an acceptable research proposal in accordance with General Regulation 50.32.3.

8.2.4.2.  The procedure for registration for the M.Phil/Ph.D Programmes shall otherwise be as prescribed in General Regulation 50.33.


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8.3  The Programmes


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8.3.1 Duration of the Programmes

The duration of the M.Phil/ Ph.D Programmes shall be as stipulated in General Regulation 50:33.


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8.3.2  Programmes of Study

Notwithstanding the provisions of General Regulation 50.42, the following Departmental Regulations shall apply:

8.3.2.1 A candidate may be required to undergo assessment and evaluation by the Departmental Board in order to determine whether he/she is adequately qualified to undertake the M.Phil Programme or Ph.D Programme, and may be required to undertake and satisfactorily complete a prerequisite assignment or assignments and/or to take and satisfactorily pass a course or courses from the M.A. Programme;

8.3.2.2 All M.Phil and Ph.D candidates shall be required to present papers, with an oral presentation based on a previously typed and circulated paper, at the Department's staff seminar. M.Phil candidates must achieve at least two satisfactory seminars (HIS 801 & HIS 802) and PhD students must achieve at least three satisfactory seminars (HIS 801, HIS 802 & HIS 903);

8.3.2.3  The candidate's performance at such seminars (HIS 801, HIS 802) will be assessed and evaluated as satisfactory for the M.Phil or Ph.D Programmes by the candidate's supervisors and by at least one other member of staff appointed by the Departmental Board;

8.3.2.4.  No candidate will be admitted to the Ph.D Programme without satisfactory performance in seminars HIS 801 and HIS 802. All PhD candidates must satisfactorily complete seminar HIS803.


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8.4  Thesis

8.4.1.  General Regulations 50.50 and 50.63 shall apply.

8.4.2.  Notwithstanding such General Regulations, the Thesis shall comply with all technical requirements, including style of reference and bibliographical citation, as are prescribed by the Departmental Board. These requirements may vary according to whether the Thesis is considered primarily historical or primarily archaeological.

8.4.3. The registration and completion code for the M.Phil Thesis shall be HIS 800, and the registration and completion code for the PhD Thesis shall be HIS 900.

8.4.4. No Thesis shall be submitted for final examination without the prior permission, on the advice of the supervisors, of the Departmental Board.


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8.5  Examination

The Thesis shall be examined in accordance with General Regulation 50.60.


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8.6 Notification of Results and Award of Degree

General Regulation 50.70 shall apply.